THE SUPREME COURT:
Whenever we talk about the freedom of a country firstly, it comes to equality. Equality of citizen, equality of society, equality of justice. The third pillar of Indian Polity is the Judiciary of India. In India, we have a single integrated judiciary independent of executive and legislative. Indian Judiciary is a single, integrated and independent Judiciary with Supreme Court at its apex. Supreme Court is the final interpreter of the constitution. The constitution has conferred very extensive jurisdiction and vast power on the supreme court.it is the final court of appeal.
Supreme Court is the apex nothing but a top court followed by the high court, district court and other subordinate courts. Though there are high courts and subordinate courts in the states, the law declared by Supreme Court is binding to all the courts within the territory of India. Supreme Court is the custodian of the constitution.
Composition of Supreme Court:
• Currently, the no of judges in the Supreme Court is 1 chief justice of India and 33 more judges’.
• Earlier it was 25 number of judges and chief justice of India.
• Parliament can increase the no of judges from time to time.
Qualification to become a judge of Supreme Court:
• One must be a Citizen of India.
• Must practice a judge of the high court for 5 years in succession or an advocate for 10 years.
• He should be a distinguished jurist in the opinion of the president.
Powers of Supreme Court:
• The supreme court of India has more powers than any other supreme court in any part of the world.
• The powers of the Supreme Court are distinguished along with different jurisdictions such as original jurisdiction, writ jurisdiction, appellate jurisdiction, advisory jurisdiction a court of record power of judicial review, constitutional interpretation, and other powers.
• The Supreme Court is empowered to issue writs including habeas corpus, mandamus, prohibition and certiorari for the enforcement of the fundamental rights of an aggrieved citizen. In this regard, the Supreme Court has original jurisdiction in the sense that an aggrieved citizen can directly go to the Supreme Court not necessarily by way of appeal.
• Supreme Court decides the dispute between different units of the Indian federation.
• When the fundamental rights of a citizen are violated, the aggrieved party can move to the high court or Supreme Court.
• Consequently, the law can’t be enforced by the government.
• Decide on the dispute regarding the election of a president and vice president.it is the original, exclusive and final authority.
• The Indian judiciary plays an important role in safeguarding the fundamental rights of citizens which includes providing fair and time-bound justice.
• Judicial activism judiciary has given some remarkable decisions like the right to privacy, national anthem, liquor ban near highways, reforms in BCCI etc.
• Government should allow the wheels of justice to move faster. Appointment of judges should be done regularly and efficiently.
• Judiciary and legislative should work together to strengthen the justice system in India and gain the confidence of masses who rely on the judiciary.
THE SUPREME COURT: