Evolution Of the Indian flag
1857 – 1947
The Indian flag went through a series of trial and error and numerous experiments.
“A flag is a necessity for all nations. Millions of people had died for it.
It will be necessary for us Indians Muslims , Christians Jews, Parsis, and all others to whom India is their home to recognise a common flag to live and to die for.” – Mahatma Gandhi.
- The evolution of the Indian flag goes a long way back in history.
- The idea of a single flag for whole of India was raised by the British rulers.
- The first Indian flag formed after the revolution 1857. It was designed in blue colour.
- The design was based on western heraldic standards, was similar to the flags of other british colonies,including Canada and south Africa;
- It’s red field included the Union Jack in the upper – left quadrant and a star of india capped by the Royal crown in the middle of the right half.
- The flag was a symbol of direct imperial rule in India.
Indian flag 1904 – 06 ( Sister Niveditas Flag):
- During this time other designs of Indian flags came to exists along with the imperial flag.
- In 1904 the first Indian National flag was designed.
- This design was given by sister nivedita, an Irish disciple of Swami Vivekananda.
- The flag was red and yellow with an image ‘Vajra’ (weapon of god Indra).
- The phrse ‘ Vande Matarm’ is written in Bengali on it.
- The red colour and the yellow colour signified freedom and victory while the symbol of vajra stood for strength.
Indian Flag 1906 ( The Calcutta flag):
- This Flag was designed after Niveditas flag.
- This flag introduced the idea of tricolour for the first time.
- The flag had three equal strips of blue, yellow and red with eight differently shaped star aligned in a straight line across blue strip.
- `Vande Mataram’ is written across the yellow part and the red part.
- The red Part had the symbol of the sun on (left) and the crescent moon with a star on (right).
The Same Year 1906 :
- This flag was designed in the same year 1906.
- It was hoisted on 7 August 1906 at an anti- partition ralley in parsi Bagan Square, Kolkata.
- The tricolour flag was believed to be designed by Sachindra Prasad Bose and Sukumar Mitra.
- This flag was popularly known as ‘Lotus flag’ or the ‘Calcutta flag’ attained the status of the unofficial flag of India.
The Indian Flag 1907 ( The Berlin Committee flag):
- This flag is called as Berlin Committee flag which was collectively designed by Madam Bhikaji Cama, Vinayak Damodar Savakar (Veer Savarkar) and Shyamji krshna Varma.
- The flag was also a tricolour with stips of orange ( with eight lotuses).
- The yellow colour in the middle (with Vande Matarm ).
- The green colour with the symbols of sun (left side) and moon with the star ( right side).
Another Variation Of Flag 1907:
- This variation of the flag was released with one lotus and seven stars .
- The seven Stars represented the Saptarishi.
Indian Home Rule Movement Flag , 1917:
- Bala Gangadhar tilak adopted a new flag in 1917 , during the Home Rule movement to voice the demand for the status of a dominion with in the British Empire.
- The flag is a red – green stripped one with the union jack at the left top .
- The seven stars in the middle are arranged in the shape of the ‘Saptarishi’ constellation.
- At the right top side the crescent moon with star is present.
Ghandhi’s Flag introduced at the Congress meeting 1921:
- Mohandas karamchand Ghandhi wrote about the need of an Indian flag in his journal Young India.
- He proposed a flag with the chakra or spinning wheel at the centre.
- Ghandhi given the responsibility of designing the flag to pingali venkayya.
- But the flag did not presented at the congress session 1921 due another flag proposed at the session.
The first official flag of India, 1931:
- The flags were interpreted ith a communal angle.
- The red colour ( for hindus), and green colour ( for muslims) in the flags annoyed the people from other religious communities.
- So new flag was designed wich had saffron band in the place of red.
- This flag reprents the all religions hindhu, yogis, muslims etc.
- The white band was introduced in the middle for other religious communities.
- Thus it become the first official flag of india designed by Pingali Venkayya.
- The flag had the saffron on the top , white band in the middle, and green band at the end.
- Symbolizing the swadesi movement ‘Chakra’ was placed in the middle.
The Flag of Independence India , 1947:
- After the Independence a committee formed headed by rajendra Prasad to discuss the National flag of India.
- The committee adopted the 1931 flag with a little modification as the flag of free India.
- The saffron colour – courage and selflessness.
- The white stripe in the middle – Honesty, Purity and peace.
- The green stripe on the bottom – faith, fertility and prosperity.
- The chakra was replaced by the Ashoka Chakra which is the symbol of dharma, the crux of their faiths, Hinduism, Bhuddhism, Jainism and Sikhism.
Pdf Of Indian Flags : Evolution Of the Indian flag with pictures