The Indian Flag Evolution (1857 – 1947)

Evolution Of the Indian flag

                                                  1857 – 1947

The Indian flag went through a series of trial and error and numerous experiments.


“A flag is a necessity  for all nations. Millions of people had died for it.

It will be necessary for us Indians Muslims , Christians Jews, Parsis, and all others to whom India is their home to recognise a common flag to live and to die for.” – Mahatma Gandhi.




1857 Flag:

  • The evolution of the Indian flag goes a long way back in history.
  • The idea of a single flag for whole of India was raised by the British rulers.
  • The first Indian flag formed after the revolution 1857. It was designed in blue colour.
  • The design was based on western heraldic standards, was similar to the flags of other british colonies,including Canada and south Africa;
  • It’s red field included the Union Jack in the upper – left quadrant and a star of india capped by the Royal crown in the middle of the right half.
  • The flag was a symbol of direct imperial rule in India.





Indian flag  1904 – 06 ( Sister Niveditas Flag):


  • During this time other designs of Indian flags came to exists along with the imperial flag.
  • In 1904 the first Indian National flag was designed.
  • This design was given by sister nivedita, an Irish disciple of Swami Vivekananda.
  • The flag was red and yellow with an image ‘Vajra’ (weapon of god Indra).
  • The phrse ‘ Vande Matarm’ is written in Bengali on it.
  • The red colour and the yellow colour signified freedom and victory while the symbol of vajra stood for strength.





    Indian Flag 1906 ( The Calcutta flag):

  • This Flag was designed after Niveditas flag.
  • This flag introduced the idea of tricolour for the first time.
  • The flag had three equal strips of blue, yellow and red with eight differently shaped star aligned in a straight line across blue strip.
  • `Vande Mataram’ is written across the yellow part and the red part.
  • The red Part had the symbol of the sun on (left) and the crescent moon with a star on (right).


The Same Year 1906 :


  • This flag was designed in the same year 1906.
  • It was hoisted on 7 August 1906 at an anti- partition ralley in parsi Bagan Square, Kolkata.
  • The tricolour flag was believed to be designed by Sachindra Prasad Bose and Sukumar Mitra.
  • This flag was popularly known as ‘Lotus flag’ or the ‘Calcutta flag’ attained the status of the unofficial flag of India.







The Indian Flag 1907 ( The Berlin Committee flag): 

  • This flag is called as Berlin Committee flag which was collectively designed by Madam Bhikaji Cama, Vinayak Damodar Savakar (Veer Savarkar) and Shyamji krshna Varma.
  • The flag was also a tricolour with stips of orange ( with eight lotuses).
  • The yellow colour in the middle (with Vande Matarm ).
  • The green colour with the symbols of sun (left side) and moon with the star ( right side).


Another Variation Of Flag 1907:

  • This variation of the flag was released with one lotus and seven stars .
  • The seven Stars represented the Saptarishi.






Indian Home Rule Movement Flag  , 1917:


  • Bala Gangadhar tilak adopted a new flag in 1917 , during the Home Rule movement to voice the demand for the status of a dominion with in the British Empire.
  • The flag is a red – green stripped one with the union jack at the left top .
  • The seven stars in the middle are arranged in the shape of the ‘Saptarishi’ constellation.
  • At the right top side the crescent moon with star is present.






Ghandhi’s Flag introduced at the Congress meeting 1921:

  • Mohandas karamchand Ghandhi wrote about the need of an Indian flag in his journal Young India.
  • He proposed a flag with the chakra or spinning wheel at the centre.
  • Ghandhi given the responsibility of designing the flag to pingali venkayya.
  • But the flag did not presented at the congress session 1921 due another flag proposed at the session.





The first official flag of India, 1931:


  • The flags were interpreted ith a communal angle.
  • The red colour ( for hindus), and green colour ( for muslims) in the flags annoyed the people from other religious communities.
  • So new flag was designed wich had saffron band in the place of red.
  • This flag reprents the all religions hindhu, yogis, muslims etc.
  • The white band was introduced in the middle for other religious communities.
  • Thus it become the first official flag of india designed by Pingali Venkayya.
  • The flag had the saffron on the top , white band in the middle, and green band at the end.
  • Symbolizing the swadesi movement ‘Chakra’ was placed in the middle.






The Flag of Independence India , 1947:

  • After the Independence a committee formed headed by rajendra Prasad to discuss the National flag of India.
  • The committee adopted the 1931 flag with a little modification as the flag of free India.
  • The saffron colour – courage and selflessness.
  • The white stripe in the middle – Honesty, Purity and peace.
  • The green stripe on the bottom – faith, fertility and prosperity.
  • The chakra was replaced by the Ashoka Chakra which is the symbol of dharma, the crux of their faiths, Hinduism, Bhuddhism, Jainism and Sikhism.



Pdf Of Indian Flags :     Evolution Of the Indian flag with pictures




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