THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA:
• The constitution is the supreme law of the land.
• All the laws have to conform to the constitution.
• The constitution contains laws concerning the government and its relations with the citizen.
• Constitution is concerned with 2 main aspects the relation between the different levels of government and citizens.
• Role of the constitution is the relationship between the government and its people.
1. Legislative– (makes laws)
2. Judicial – (evaluates laws)
3. Executive-(carries outlaws)
• It took the constituent assembly three years to write this constitution.
• The constitution of India became on the 26th January 1950.
• Presently it has 448 articles with 12 schedules after 104 amendments.it guides and makes the government system smoothly.
• B.R. Ambedkar was the chairman of the drafting committee.
• The Indian constitution influenced the constitutions of other countries.
• The constitution emphasizes to secure to all its citizens: justice, liberty, equality, and fraternity.
• The Indian constitution measures every citizen on the same scale.
• It is the dignity, unity and integrity of the nation.
• It envisages that the legislature will represent and enact the will of the people while an independent judiciary will serve as the conscious ether of the nation.
• The fundamental rights and directive principles of state policy are the conscience of our constitution.
• Fundamental rights are essential for leading a dignified existence and are legally enforceable in courts of law.
• some of these rights protect them against other individuals are right to equality, right to freedom of religion, right to freedom, right against exploitation, cultural and educational rights, right to constitutional remedies, etc.
It enforceable fundamental duties of citizens which form the building blocks of India.
The constitution of India is a living document and multiple amendments have been made to it over the years to accommodate emerging needs and challenges.