Prisons in India


  • Prison means a place or area which is used under the general or specific order of state government for the temporary or permanent detention of prisoners or for the contentment of those persons convicted by a court. The person, on whom proceedings are going or in the courts are kept.
  • The object of prison is to reform a criminal and to make them independent.
  • The objective of prison is not to have retribution against on aims to make a prisoner a better human being so that he may become a good citizen and a useful person for the society in future.
  • The possibility of reformation of a prisoner depends up to a great extent on his nature. If a prisoner is such a hardened criminal who has committed many murders, he cannot be reformed.
  • Penitentiary prisons:
  • In these prisons the adult, old and mature criminals are kept.
  • A separate arrangement is made in these prisons for cruel and hardened criminals. They are kept in separate cells.
  • Reformatory house:
  • Minor and growing up offenders are kept in such houses. The age of such offenders must be between 16 to 30.
  • The women were also kept in these prisons.


  • Correctional house:
  • All those people about whom the court believes the prospects of reformation often completing their punishment are also sent to correction house.



The prisoners sentenced to imprisonment for more than two years will be sent to the Central Jails. Delhi has the highest number of 16 Central Jails.



District jails are the same as central jails, serve as the main prisons in states and union territories where there are no Central Jails.


Sub jails are smaller institutions situated at a sub-divisional level in the States.


Women’s jails are prisons that exclusively house female prisoners. Women’s jails may exist at the sub-divisional, district and central (zone/range) levels.


Open jails are basic security prisons. Only convicted prisoners with good behavior satisfying are sent to the open jails.


Prisoners in special jails are generally been convicted of offences such as terrorism, violent crimes, habitual offenders, murders and showing tendencies towards violence and aggression.




Borstal school is for the minor prisoners where they can get good caretakers, school education provided to them. They brush up their mind for being good in society.





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